Sunday, December 12, 2010
Employees fair Labor Standards Act
When President Franklin d. Roosevelt signed standards work (EDF) in 1938, he describes as the "the most far-reaching much light programme in favour of workers never approved." Author, Hugo L. Black, Senator from Alabama and future justice of the Supreme Court, bill designed to limit the number of hours worked per week and set hourly minimum wage for workers. Because it was right, the Bill has changed 39 times, 25 of these amendments increase the minimum wage. What is the Fair Labor Standards Act? People, long working hours in poor conditions at the beginning of the twentieth Century.In the last part of the century and early twentieth century, did the Government little to to protect the rights of workers. Men, women and children worked long days in dangerous conditions for just in time to pay. Tragedies, such as the triangle fire in 1911, with 146 of women and men are dead still factory because doors locked management, has to change little to working conditions. Organizers work in the 1930s as John l. Lewis, President of the Congress of workers of America, sit down strike in an attempt to improve conditions of work by a trade union organisation presented. The Fair Labor Standards Act set in place four provisions amended at work. These provisions a minimum wage, overtime numbers, restrictions on the work of children and requirements for businesses.Minimum WageThe, first minimum wage records $0.25 per hour.Minimum was recorded, salary is lower hourly pay, an employer may legally be workers. The minimum wage at $0.25 was set in 1938, became law, EDF and gradually increased $0.40 in1945 officials act, used to improve working conditions, increase the standard of living of workers and reduceNumber of people living in poverty at the time of large Depression.Overtime PayFor first workers minimum wage was paid additional hours additional work.Like minimum wage, overtime numbers provided provision on time. EDF provided first, employers do not have to pay the employee 44 hours per week had worked hours overtime. In 1945 the week 40 hours of work are the norm. Of the Act employers have workers with a rate of 1-1 / 2 normal rate of pay for each hour numbers work over 40 hours per week. For example, $0.40 per hour was the minimum wage up to 40 hours for a total of compensation of $16 1945. If a person 43 hours per week worked three overtime at a rate of $0.60 is paid per hour. This is an employee for a 43-hour week was $17.80.Child LaborFLSA work for children under 14 years age.The provision aimed, protection prohibits health pay, safety and education of children aged less than 18 child labour. It limits the number of hours that a child under the age of 16 years 14 years can operate in one week of age, a child can enter the labour market. Providing limited minors at three o'clock, school days and 8 hours on the day school. This provision also prohibits child labour in certain areas, such as explosives, manufacturing and transport, the extraction of coal, logging and sawmill, packaging, demolition and dismantling operations.Record KeepingEmployers operations records of employees are records for the salary of the employee standards erforderlicho as paid.FLSA establish such as working hours meat and wages. Of the law an employer must demographic data on an individual, including age, sex, occupation, calendar and basic work rewarding pflegen. Employers have to keep records of the hourly rates and calculations of pay, including overtime and total compensation after period. Employers can choose the method to store and track this information. EDF but indicates to keep personnel records for at least three years and the calculation of compensation for documents, such as maps and schedules for the two years.Amendments work FLSACongress must the Court clarified and refined 70 years 70 last years.Over EDF, changed to clarify Congrèset Court of the EDF and refine it without altering its basic objectives. For example, in 1946, the Supreme Court decided that the employer will compensate for step for working time workers. This is the law on the portal. Equal pay Act 1963 changed EDF to prevent that employers from paying wages lower than women simply because of their gender and 1967, Congress pay prohibited discrimination against employees and more than 40 years. In 1993 Act of family and medical leave modified EDF employees up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave protected employment certain family and medical reasons abandon.